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The Mining Act is a legal document which outlines all of the rules and regulations that apply to mining in Ontario. The purpose of the Act is to encourage prospecting, staking and exploration for the development of mineral resources, in a manner consistent with the recognition and affirmation of existing Aboriginal and treaty rights in section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982, including the duty to consult, and to minimize the impact of these activities on public health and safety and the environment.
Mining Act Modernization
The Mining Act dates back to the 19th century.
Although many major advances in technology, policies and processes have occurred over the past century, the Mining Act has remained relatively unchanged. In an effort to improve and modernize the mineral development process in Ontario, a piece of legislation, Bill 173 - An Act to Amend the Mining Act was introduced. After extensive review, the bill was passed which resulted in the Mining Amendment Act, 2009. The amendment received Royal Assent on October 28, 2009. The process of implementing the changes outlined in the amendment are known as Mining Act Modernization.