Claim Staking

Table of Contents

The Ministry of Northern Development and Mines (MNDM) has introduced a new requirement for the staking and recording of unpatented mining claims.

Effective November 1, 2012

If you ground stake a mining claim, you will be required to provide Global Positioning System (GPS) georeferencing data for the mining claim on the application to record the claim.  This requirement will only apply to ground staked mining claims on lands that are unsurveyed (not surveyed into lots and concessions).

This is a step towards clarifying claim locations in advance of the planned move to fully electronic, on-line map staking. It is imperative that every effort is used to obtain accurate GPS georeferencing data for the mining claim as these coordinates may be used to delineate the location of the claim after the transition to on-line map staking.

How do I obtain and submit the required GPS data?

  1. Follow the GPS collection standards as outlined in the published guideline: MNDM has produced Georeferencing Standards for Unpatented Mining Claims (MNDM guideline) that must be followed for the collection and submission of the required GPS data. 
  2. Submit an Application to Record for the subject mining claim(s): There will be space on the Application to Record form to include the required GPS georeferenced coordinates.

What You Need to Know

  • All Applications to Record for mining claims ground staked in unsurveyed territory on or after November 1, 2012 must include GPS coordinate data.
  • GPS coordinate data must be submitted for all corner posts, witness posts and line posts used to indicate a change in boundary direction.
  • The required GPS data must meet standards as set out in the MNDM guideline  for the collection and submission of GPS claim data.
  • Failure to follow or meet these standards and guidelines may result in the refusal of the application to record for the mining claim.
  • All support data for the collection of the GPS claim data should be retained and submitted to MNDM upon request.
  • The GPS data submission requirement only applies to claims ground staked in unsurveyed areas. It does not apply to claims staked in surveyed areas.
  • This requirement only applies to new claims staked on or after November 1, 2012.
  • Separate rules and requirements apply to the submission for assessment credit related to the groundtruthing of existing mining claims (recorded prior to November 1, 2012).

Claim Staking FAQ

When do the changes to claim staking come into effect?

The changes to claim staking are effective November 1, 2012.

Have claim-staking fees changed?

No. Fees for ground staked mining claims remain at $20.40 (1 unit), $40.80 (2-6 units), $61.20 (7-16 units) and $30.00 per unit for map-staked claims in Southern Ontario.

Does MNDM have specific GPS equipment recommendations or requirements?

MNDM has developed Georeferencing Standards for Unpatented Mining Claims (MNDM guideline). The standards outline the data collection requirements. No specific GPS equipment is required however the unit itself must be capable of differential correction and must be capable of an accuracy of +/- 5m as per the manufacturer’s device parameters.

Do I have to submit GPS coordinates for old claims I hold?

No. However, in order to receive assessment credit for providing GPS coordinates for the claim boundaries, a technical report and supporting data must be submitted as outlined in the MNDM guideline which outlines the data collection standards. This is a step towards clarifying claim locations in advance of the planned move to fully electronic on-line map staking.

Do I have to submit GPS co-ordinates for new claims that I stake?

Any claims that are ground staked in unsurveyed territory (e.g. townships not divided into lots and concessions) on or after November 1, 2012 will require GPS data included in the Application to Record form.

What happens if I don’t provide GPS coordinates on my Application to Record?

As of November 1, 2012, the GPS coordinates must be included with Applications to Record ground staked claims in unsurveyed territory (e.g. townships not divided into lots and concessions).  The Application to Record form will include a separate page to include GPS coordinates for ground staked claims in unsurveyed territory.  The Application to Record will not be considered complete if the required GPS data is not provided and the claim will not be recorded.

Can GPS coordinates on claims staked in the past (before November 1, 2012) be used towards assessment work?

Yes, assessment credit of $400 per claim unit can be claimed for providing GPS coordinates for the claim boundaries of ground staked claims in unsurveyed territory (e.g. townships not divided into lots and concessions).  A technical report and supporting data must be submitted as outlined in the MNDM Georeferencing Guideline which sets out the data collection standards. 

What if a mistake occurs, am I bound by the GPS coordinates I submit or can I have them changed? 

MNDM is developing protocols/processes to address discrepancies with reporting GPS coordinates. The submission of GPS locational data is intended as a step towards clarifying claim locations in advance of the planned move to fully electronic, on-line map staking therefore it is important to record accurate coordinates as possible. The MNDM guideline covering the standards for georeferencing mining claims will outline the data collection requirements.

What if my coordinates overlap with another unpatented mining claim?

MNDM is developing protocol/processes to address any issues with overlapping coordinates. The submission of GPS locational data, either as a submission of assessment work or as a requirement for any new claims staked on or after November 1, 2012 is intended as a step towards clarifying claim locations in advance of the planned move to fully electronic, on-line map staking, therefore it is important to record the coordinates as accurately as possible. The MNDM guideline covering the standards for georeferencing mining claims will outline the data collection requirements.

Georeferencing Standards FAQ

What do I do if the corner post has been removed or is missing?

Take a picture and GPS coordinates at the location where the post should be (if known) and take GPS coordinates and photos of the nearest line / corner post.

What do I do if the inscription on the post has faded away or is not legible?

Take photos of the post as it is and make sure the picture is as clear as possible. Clearly document the situation with an explanation as to why the inscription is not legible.

Does the inscription on the post need to be in the same picture as the GPS and claim tag?

No, the GPS and the claim post must be in the same photo but the inscription can be on a separate photo.

Can I re-write or re-trace the inscription on the claim post so that it is legible?

NO.  Section 164 (1)(c) States: “Every person who, defaces, alters, removes or disturbs any post, stake, picket, boundary line, figure, writing or other mark lawfully placed, standing or made under this Act; is guilty of an offence against this Act and on conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $100,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or both.”


What if I can’t get enough satellites or the are obstacles affecting the strength of my signal?

You need at least 3 satellites to take an accurate set of coordinates. If your GPS cannot acquire a satellite signal, document this as clearly as possible on your map with an explanation of what is causing the loss of the signal and take a photo of your GPS showing the absence of the satellite signal.

You can then try again on the nearest line / corner post to try and obtain a strong satellite signal and take your waypoint.

Do I need to GPS claim posts in surveyed townships?

Taking GPS coordinates of claim posts in subdivided townships is not required as the claim location is governed by the location of the surveyed lot and concession lines.  Coordinates can be submitted along with the Application to Record however they will not be recorded.

My coordinates are in Lat / Long. Do I need to go back and take UTM coordinates?

The coordinates must be in UTM. Coordinates can be converted using a GIS system or an online coordinate converter but only if obtaining the UTM coordinates is not possible.

Is there a due date to perform the georeferencing of claim posts for claims staked prior to November 1st 2012?

No, not at this time but this will be subject to change in the future prior to the implementation of online map staking.

Resources