Land-Use Planning

Land-Use Planning

Land-use planning is the process of designating parcels of land for specific uses. Land-use planning involves:

  • The gathering of land related descriptions or “values”.
  • The consideration of those “values” in light of present and future government and/or societal interests.
  • The designation of certain activities that can take place on that land.

Ontario Geological Survey

The role of the Ontario Geological Survey in land-use planning is to:

  • Bring to the planning table credible and independent geological data and knowledge.
  • To explain the geological data to ensure all involved share the same understanding.
  • To explain the impacts of certain decisions on mineral and non-renewable resource development or community development or public health and safety attributed to geological hazards.


Geological processes define or create landforms, landscapes, ecosystems and habitats. The distribution of flora and fauna is influenced by geological materials processes. Recreational and development opportunities are also influenced by the nature of the local geology.

Geological materials can contain groundwater, may contain natural minerals that influence health, and may be the source of mineral resources and non-renewable energy resources.

Geological processes may give rise to earthquakes, unstable land and other natural hazards.

It is important to consider the geological processes and features when making land-use decisions.